Solemn Mass, Op. 12: No. 5, Panis Angelicus

César Franck
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Solemn Mass, Op. No. 5, Panis Angelicus - Kindle edition by César Franck. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Mass, Op (Franck, César) Composition Year, summer; (Panis angelicus). Genre Categories, Masses .. Panis Angelicus (No.5). Complete.

Content providers Yuri Sazonoff Air. Authors Content provider : Yuri Sazonoff. Instrumentation : Violin , Cello , String quartet. More songs like this one.

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The Song Of Nova Scotia. Pachelbel: Canon In D. It showcases the inventiveness of the composer as ideas evo Piano and country fiddle.

Sweet Dreams. Mothers Lullaby A sweet, gentle and tender track featuring quiet piano and string quartet that will work for scenes of understanding and empathy. All live recording. Arranged and conducted by Davi Cesar Franck: Mass, Op. Live performance. Arranged and recorded by the Alle Meditation Thais - Massenet arr J Francis A tender and fragile rendition of this popular piece of classical music, Live solo violin and acoustic piano, Originally, this pie However, for reasons that are not explicit, he made a "voluntary" retirement from the Conservatoire on 22 April His withdrawal may have been at his father's behest.

The whole situation was aggravated by what in the end became a feud between Nicolas-Joseph and Henri Blanchard, the principal critic of the Revue et Gazette musicale , who lost no opportunity to castigate the aggressive pretensions of the father and to mock the "imperial" names of the elder son. This animosity, "undoubtedly personal", [7] may well have caused Nicolas-Joseph to decide that a return to Belgium was in order, and in "a peremptory order" [5] to young Franck compelled the latter to leave the Conservatoire and accompany him.

The return to Belgium lasted less than two years. As far as Nicolas-Joseph was concerned, the excursion was a failure, and he brought his son back into a regime of teaching and family concerts in Paris, which Laurence Davies characterizes as rigorous and low-paying.

For it was from this period, extending back into his last Conservatoire years and forward beyond his return to Paris, that his first mature compositions emerged, a set of Trios piano, violin, cello ; these are the first of what he regarded as his permanent work. Liszt saw them, offered encouragement and constructive criticism, and performed them some years later in Weimar.

It was privately premiered in before Liszt, Meyerbeer , and other musical notables, who gave moderate approval and constructive criticism. In he attempted an opera, Le Valet de Ferme , with a libretto of "abysmal literary quality" [13] and a hastily sketched score. Franck himself was to say towards the end of his career that "it is not worth printing.

The first was an almost complete disruption of relations with his parents. When in Nicolas-Joseph found a composition dedicated to "Mlle. Relations with his father worsened, who forbade any thought of betrothal and marriage which French law permitted of a father for a son younger than 25 , accusing him of distressing his mother and shouting at him about a then notorious husband-wife poisoning case as the most likely outcome of any match by his son. His mother's role in the dispute is unclear: she was either mildly supportive of her son or stayed completely out of the conflict.

He was determined to become a new person, as different as possible from the other. As soon as he turned 25 in , he informed his father of his intention to marry the lady, and in fact did so on 22 February , the month of the Paris revolt. To get to the church, the party had to climb over the barricades set up by the revolutionaries — with, d'Indy says, "the willing help of the insurgents who were massed behind this improvised fortification. It was the second great change that made Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Franck's parish church: his appointment there as assistant organist in , the first of a succession of increasingly more important and influential organ posts.

Although young Franck had never shone at the Conservatoire as organist in the manner that he had as pianist, he had wanted an organist's position, not least because it provided a steady income. He now had occasion to match his Roman Catholic devotion with learning the skills needed for accompanying public worship, as well as the occasional opportunity to fill in for his superior, Alphonse Gilbat. At the same time, a revolutionary change was occurring in the techniques of French organ performance.

The German organist Adolf Hesse — , a student of Bach's biographer Johann Nikolaus Forkel , [20] had demonstrated in in Paris the pedal technique which together with a German-style pedal board made the performance of Bach's works possible. This was totally outside the scope of the kind of playing which Franck had learned from Benoist at the Conservatoire; most French organs did not have the pedal board notes required for such work, and even France's own great classical organ tradition dating from the period of the Couperins was at that time neglected in favour of the art of improvisation.

Hesse's performances might have been treated simply as a short sensation for their dazzling virtuosity, but that Hesse's pupil Jacques-Nicolas Lemmens — came to Paris in and again in Lemmens was then professor of organ at the Royal Conservatory of Brussels , and was not only a virtuoso performer of Bach but a developer of organ teaching methods with which all organists could learn to play with precision, clarity, and legato phrasing.

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Franck appeared on the same inaugural concert program as Lemmens in , [21] much admiring not only the classic interpretation of Bach but also the rapidity and evenness of Lemmens's pedal work. In his search to master new organ-playing techniques he was both challenged and stimulated by his third and last change in organ posts.

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The impact of this organ on Franck's performance and composition cannot be overestimated; together with his early pianistic experience it shaped his music-making for the remainder of his life. Norbert Dufourcq described this instrument as "unquestionably the constructor's masterpiece up to this time". The beauty of its sound and the mechanical facilities provided by the instrument assisted his reputation as improviser and composer, not only for organ music but in other genres as well.

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The quality of the movements in this work, composed over a number of years, is uneven, but from it comes one of Franck's most enduring compositions, the communion anthem " Panis angelicus ". At his own church, people began to come to hear the improvisations for the Mass and the Office. In addition, Franck began to give "organ-concerts" or recitals at Sainte-Clotilde of his own works and those of other composers. Perhaps his most notable concert arose from the attendance at a Sunday Mass in April of Franz Liszt, who sat in the choir to listen to Franck's improvisations and afterward said "How could I ever forget the man who wrote those trios?

Mass, Op. 12: No. 5. Panis angelicus

Franck reinforced his understanding of German organ music and how it should be played by hearing Anton Bruckner at Notre-Dame in He began to have a regular circle of pupils, who were there ostensibly for organ study but showed increasing interest in Franck's compositional techniques. Franck continued to write compositions for choir in this period, but most were never published. As was then common even for Conservatoire-trained musicians, he had never become familiar with the polyphonic music of earlier centuries.

Franck composed his liturgical works in the then-current style, which Davies characterizes as "secular music with a religious bias". The war, like the Revolution , had caused many of his pupils to disappear, either because they left Paris or were killed or disabled in the fighting. Again he wrote some patriotic pieces which, in the harshness of the times, were not then performed. He and his family experienced economic hardships as his income dropped and food and fuel became scarce.

The Conservatoire was closed for the academic year — It turned out that Franck did not know that when his father, Nicolas-Joseph, became a naturalized French citizen to enter his sons into the Conservatoire as students, they were counted as citizens only until age twenty-one, when they were obliged to declare their allegiance to France as adults.

Franck had always regarded himself as French from the time of his father's naturalization. In fact, he had unknowingly reverted to his birth nationality of Belgian at his majority. Franck went through the naturalization process at once; his original appointment on 1 February was regularized in Many of his original circle of students had studied or were studying at the Conservatoire. This group became increasingly tight-knit in their mutual esteem and affection between teacher and pupils. Vallas says that Franck, "with his simple and trusting nature was incapable of understanding.

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He was now in a position to spend time composing works for which ideas had been germinating for years. As with many other premiers of Franck's larger choral and orchestral works, it was not successful: the work was highly sectionalized and lent itself to performance of excerpts rather than as a whole. There was no orchestra available, and those sections that were performed were accompanied by piano.


Further, even d'Indy points out that Franck seemed incapable of musically expressing an evil contrasting to the virtues expressed in the Gospel beatitudes : "This personification of ideal evil --if it is permissible to link these terms—was a conception so alien to Franck's nature that he never succeeded in giving it adequate expression. Vincent d'Indy is quoted as saying "When [Franck] was hesitating over the choice of this or that tonal relation or over the progress of any development, he always liked to consult his pupils, to share with them his doubts and to ask their opinions.

How exactly all of this turmoil may have played out in the composer's mind is uncertain. It is certain that a number of his more "advanced" works appeared in this time period: the symphonic poems Le Chasseur maudit and Les Djinns — , the Prelude, Chorale, and Fugue for piano , the Symphonic Variations , and the opera Hulda His last performance of the piece occurred in Paris during , with the pianist on that occasion being Yves Nat.

Panis Angelicus in G Major, Mass, Op. 12, No. 5

The continuing ambiguity of esteem in which Franck was held may be shown in the award which Franck's circle had thought long delayed in its presentation. His supporters were indignant: d'Indy writes that "it would be wrong to suppose that this honor was bestowed upon the musician, the creator of the fine works which do honor to French art. Not in the least! The controversy not confined to Franck's immediate acquaintances was not over the music, but over the philosophical and religious implications of the text based on a poetic sketch by a certain Sicard and Louis de Fourcaud.

Franck's wife and son found the work too sensual, and wanted Franck to concentrate on music wider and more popular in appeal "and altogether more commercial". Further controversy arose with the publication of Franck's only symphony, that in D minor The work was badly received: the Conservatoire orchestra opposed, [49] the audience "ice-cold", the critics bewildered the reactions ranged from "unreserved enthusiasm" to "systematic disparagement" , and many of Franck's fellow composers completely out of countenance towards a work "which by its general style and even certain details" for example, use of an English horn "outraged the formalist rules and habits of the stricter professionals and amateurs.

In , Franck tried his hand again at another opera, Ghiselle. It was more sketched out than composed and Franck never completed it. In contrast, a massive String Quartet was completed and performed in April , and was well received by public and critics. In addition, he was still playing Sunday improvisations to usually large congregations at Sainte-Clotilde.

He had in mind major works for organ and possibly a cello sonata. During July not May , as previously thought , [53] Franck was riding in a cab which was struck by a horse-drawn trolley , injuring his head and causing a short fainting spell. There seemed to be no immediate after-effects; he completed his trip and he himself considered it of no importance. However, walking became painful and he found himself increasingly obliged to absent himself first from concerts and rehearsals, and then to give up his lessons at the Conservatoire.